150km from Jaipur and 170km
from Delhi, Alwar is nestled between a cluster of small hills of the Aravali
range. Perched on the most prominent of these hills is a massive ancient
fort that whispers tales of the rich history of the city.
an ancient Rajput state, formerly known as Mewar, Alwar was nearest to the
Imperial Delhi. The people of the state did not accept any external interference
and daringly resisted against foreign invasions. In the 12th and 13th centuries
they formed a group and raided Delhi. But finally Sultan Balban (1276-A.D.-
1287a.D.) suppressed them, bringing the area under the a Muslim rule.
In 1771 A.D. Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kuchhwaha Rajput belonging to the
clan of Jaipur's rulers, won back Alwar and founded a principality of
his own. Apart from its long history, the city has a rich natural heritage
with some beautiful lakes and picturesque valley thickly wooded in parts.
Some of the finest variety of birds and animals are spotted here. Alwar
has one of the finest wildlife sanctuaries in Rajasthan - Sariska, which
is an excellent tiger country.
Known as THE TIGER GATE of Rajasthan surrounded by Aravali hills, it has
a perfect picture postcard setting and looks as if carved magnificently
out of rocks. Lush green deciduous forests and lakes, dotted with architectural
splendors, surround the harsh hills. The deep valleys and the thick forest
cover is a haven for many species of birds and animals.
It is one of the oldest cities of the state and its prehistoric and historic
sites are an archaeologists delight. Paradoxically Alwar is both the oldest
and the newest of the Rajput Kingdoms of Rajasthan. On the one hand, it
traces its tradition back to the kingdoms of Viratnagar that flourished
here around 1500 B.C. It is also known as Matasya Desh where the pandavs.
The mightly heroes the Mahabharata, spent the last year of their 13 year
The city of Alwar is believed to have founded by a member of the Kachh
family who hailed from Amber, but control was wrested from the Kachhwahas
of Nikumbhas. The grandeur, beauty and delicacy of design of innumerable
forts and palaces of the region, the tranquil lakes, stately hunting lodges,
sites of archeological importance, thick forests with several of birds
and animals intermingled with an equally diverse socio-cultural configuration
have made this region a traveler delight.
Places to See :
Forts & Monuments in Alwar
Fort, which bound the people to watch its magnetic beauty, towering on
a hill dominating the town, is the BALA QILA (young fort). Amazing fortifications
surround the NIKUMBHA MAHAI PALACE at the top, which has graceful Bengal
caned marble columns and delicate latticed balconies. The fort is 595
mts. above the city, and extends about 5 Kms from north and south and
1.6 Kms from east and west.
The City Palace was built in 1793 A.D. by Raja Bakhtawar Singh. It represents
a intermingling of Rajput and Mughal stvles. It has graceful marble pavilions
set on lotus flower bases in the central courtyard
Rani Moosi Chhatri
This impressive centopath (chhatri) on the banks of SAGAR a beautiful
lake is dedicated to Bakhtawar Singh mistress who performed sati here.
The centopath reflects Indo-Islamic style of architecture. The upper portion
in marble with columned pavilions and domed arches with exquisite floral
tracery rests over the pillared red sand stone story.
The palace Museum has a wonderful collection of exhibits of the personal
wealth of the Maharajas of Alwar and some rare manuscripts including an
illustrated Mahabharata on a 200 -foot-long scroll, Others prize pieces
here after illustrated manuscripts of GULISTAN, SHAH NAMA, and on EMPEROR
Tomb of Fateh Jung
This spectacular tomb has a massive dome, which is a fine blend of Hindu
and Islamic architectural styles. Fateh Jung was a minister of Mughal
Emperor Shah Jahan and related to the Khanzada rulers of Alwar.
Purjan Vihar (Company Garden)
The beautiful garden was laid out during the reign of Maharaja Shiv Dan
Singh built in1868 a most picturesque place locally known as Simla (the
Summer House), was added to lush greenery of this garden do not give the
blazing sun a chance to peep in.
Vijay Mandir Palace
It is the royal residence of Maharaja Jai Singh built in 1918. The largely
uninhabited palace is a window on the life style of the royals. Migratory'
birds and waterfowls can be obsened feeding on fish in the small lake,
beside the palace.
Excursion of Alwar :
The water palace of Siliserh with a lake surrounded by low wooded
hills, enroute to Sariska12 Kms. southwest of Alwar.The tranquil lake
is nestled in the hills, the twinkling ripples of the lake cover an area
of about 10.5 sq. Kms, surrounded by thick forest and magnificent cenotopaths
on its embankment. A royal hunting lodge /palace was built by Maharaja
Vinay Singh for his Queen Shila in 1845. It has been converted into a
tourist bungalow and is an attractive spot for peaceful holiday.
Sariska-Alwar road takes to this enchanting site where pilgrims bathe
in hot SULPHUR SPRINGS. Langurs (apes) stroll about and the bell of the
scattered temples tinkle all day long. lt was the place of penance of
A throbbing pilgrimage center, which revokes around the legend of King
GHARATHARI who spent the closing years of his life, ancient place amidst
This park is situated only 200 km from Delhi and 107 kms from Jaipur.
Although larger than Ranthambor, it is less commercialised and has less
tigers but a similar topography. It covers an area of 800 sq km in total,
with a core area of approximately 500 sq km. The Northern Aravali Hills
dominate the skyline with their mixture of sharp cliffs and long narrow
valleys. The area was declared a sanctuary in 1955 and became a National
Park in 1979.
Set inside the Sariska Tiger Reserve this was Maharaja Jai Singh's hunting
lodge it has beautiful sprawling lawns antique furniture and interesting
photographs of the Royal Shikar of the 1920s. Now a heritage hotel.
The metalled road commencing from the Sanctuary gate ends at this temple
dedicated to LORD HUNUMAN. This backed by the delightful sight of Pandupol
or Pandu gate where a cascading spring emerges from hard and compact rocks.
Legend has it that the Pandava brother took refuge here during their exile.
Within Sariska Tiger Reserve 18 Kms from the entrance gate, lies Kankwari
Fort, it is a fine example of a VANADURG or jungle fort. High inaccessible,
deep in the tiger infested forest, it once was host to Prince Dara Shikoh
heir to the Mughal throne held captive brother Aurangzeb.
Inside Sariska sanctuary lies the splendid mined town of Bhangarh built
in 17th century by RAJA MADHO SINGH brother of RAJA MAN SINGH of Amber
its medieval bazaars, the old palace. Someshwar and Gopinath Temples have
some fine carvings. According to legend, the town was cursed by an evil
magician and had to be abandoned. The curse is still believe.
Ancient Jain temple dedicated to the eighth Tirthankar (great - teacher)
Shri Chandra Prabhu Bhagwan can be seen here, it has elaborate carvings
and paintings, exquisite pillars and arches. Situated 60 Kms on the Alwar
Delhi road route, it is an important Jain pilgrimage.
How to Reach Alwar
Air : Delhi 163kms is the nearest airport
Good connection from prominent locations in and around the state. Some
of important train connections are : Shatabdi Express (New Delhi-Alwar-Ajmer)
Superfast Express (New Delhi-Alwar-Ajmer); intercity Express (Delhi Sarai
Rohilla-Alwar-Jaipur); Mandore Express (DelhiSarai Rohilla-Alwar-Jodhpur)
Regular services link Alwar with key destinations in and not far off Rajasthan
Jewellery and other handicraft items. A sweetment specially made of Milk
Alwar Mawa is not to be missed. Market areas are Hope circus, Bajaj Bazar,