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Chittourgarh Travel Guide
Ranakumbha Palace, Chittourgarh Tours & TravelsChittourgarh- The town of the brave, known for its massive fort atop a hill, which can be singled out for its glorious past.

The fort has checkered history, it has witnessed some of the bloodiest battles iln history, three great Sakas and some of the most heroic deeds of valor, which are still sung by the local musicians. The antiquity of Chittaurgarh is difficult to trace, but it is believed that Bhim the legendary figure of the Mahabharta, visited this place to learn the secrets of immortality and became the disciple of a sage, but his impatience to perform all the rites deprived him of his goal, and out of sheer anger he stamped on ground creating water reservoir, this reservoir is called as Bhim Lat. Later on, it came under the Mauryas or Muri Rajputs, there are different opinions as to when ilt came under the Mewar ruler, but it remained the capital of Mewar till 1568, when it was shifted to Udaipur.

It is believed that Bappa Rawal the legendary founder of the Sisodia clan, received Chittaur in the middle of 8th century, as a part of the dowry after marriage with the last Solanki princess, after that his descendants ruled Mewar which stretched from Gujarat to Ajmer, upto the 16th century.

Chittourgarh is the epitome of Rajput pride, romance and spirit. It reverberates with history of heroism and sacrifice, which is evident as it echoes with the tales sung by the Bards of Rajasthan. The main reason for visiting Chittourgarh is its massive hilltop fort, which is a depiction of Rajput culture and values. The fort stands on a 240-hectares site on an 180m high hill that rises rapidly from the plains below.

Thrice a stronger enemy sacked Chittourgarh. The first sack occurred in 1303 when a Pathan King Ala-ud-din Khilji overwhelmed by the beauty of Queen Padmini besieged the fort in order to capture the regal beauty. In 1535 Bahadur Shah the Sultan of Gujarat besieged the fort causing immense carnage and it is said that 32000 men donned the saffron robes of martyrdom and rode out to face a certain death, and the women folkes committed Jauhar (an act of self immolations by plunging in a large fire) led by Rani Karnawati.

In 1568 Mughal Emperor Akbar razed the fort to the rubble and once again the history repeated itself. In 1616 Mughal emperor Jehangir restored the fort to the Rajput but it was not resettled. Today a new township sprawls below the hill on the west side. Chittourgarh is connected by both bus and rail. The bus stand and the railway are located in the new township.


Places to see :

Chittourgarh Fort, Chittourgarh Holiday VacationChittourgarh Fort
A standing sentinel to the courage and valor of Chittaurgarh, it stands tall over a 180 meter high hillock covering a massive area of 700 acres. The fort is belileved to have been built by the Maurya rulers in 7th century AD.

The fort is a treasure house of history and historical monuments the approach to the fort is very difficult, the one mile steep serpentine thoroughfare is exhaustive and the fort is reached through huge seven pols of gates, which are in fact the strong points having a watch tower and massive iron spiked doors.

It was ravaged thrice, and each time phoenix-like it rose again Allaudin Khilji was the first to sack Chittaur in 1303, legend and history corroborate that this was because of his passionate desire to abduct Rani Padmini. Yet she preferred death to dishonor, and committed Jauhar (self immolation) along with the other ladies of the court. Chitturgarh was plundered again in 1535 by Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and finally by the Moghul Emperor Akbar, in 1567, in an attempt to subdue Maharana Udai Singh.

The fort is approached through massive pols of gates. Near Bhairon Pol, is a cenotaph or 'chhatra' in honor of the chivalrous Jaimal and his cousin Kala, who laid down their lives whilst defending Chittaur against the Mughals. Jaimal who was seriously wounded, but was not ready to die in his bed , thus he was carried into battle on the shoulders of his cousin Kala , both of them died while showing exemplary courage.

At Ram Pol is a memorial to Phatta, who was only 16 years old and had just been married, his father had already died defending Chittaurgarh, and was sent into the battle by his mother, to free her son from any affection towards home she herself pickled up sword along with his bride and jumped into the battle field both of them died in front of Phatta. Next day the women folk of the palace ended their lives by committing Johar. Phatta leading the saffron robed men from the front thundered down like lightening from the mighty fortress to die fighting.

The other major gates are Padal pola and Hanuman Pol, with a distinct Rajput style of architecture.

VIJAY STAMBH OR 'VICTORY TOWER:
Built by Rana Kumbha in 1440 , to commemorate the victory over the combined forces of the kings of neighboring Malwa and Gujarat, this tower is 120ft. (36.5mts) high and has a girth of 30 ft. at the base, the nine storied high limestone structure is richly ornamented from top to bottom.

KIRTI STAMBH OR 'TOWER OF FAME:
Built iln the 12th century, dedicated to Lord Sri Adinath Rishab deo, the first Jain Tirthankar. The 22 metre high structure ils rdeplete with figures from Jain pantheon. There are several other Jain temples iln Chittaurgarh.

RANA KUMBHA'S PALACE:
The largest monument of the fort, it is believed that Rani Padmini committed Jauhar, in once of these underground cellars. The palace is in ruins but generates historical as well as architectural interest. The original palace was believed to have been built by Rana Hamir after regaining the fort in the first siege. The Mewar power reached its acme during Rana Kumbha's time, he was a great patron of art and architecture, which is amply reflected in the palace.

Padmina Palace, Chitourgarh Travel PackagePADMINI PALACE:
The palace of Rani Padmini who preferred death before dishonor, and committed Johar, along with her entire entourage before falling into the hands of Allauddin Khilji. It was here that Rana Ratan Singh allowed a glimpse of the legendary beauty to Allauddin Khilji. The Zanana Mahal overlooks the pond, Padmini stood over here and the reflection of her was shown in the water to Allauddin Khilji.

MEERA TEMPLE:
The temple is dedicated to the mystic poetess Meera, and a devotee of Lord Krishna. Meera was born in Kurki village near Merta to Ratan Singh Rathors, and was married to Bhojraj son of Rana Sanga of Mewar. Legends say that she consumed poison set by Vikramaditya but nothing happended to her due to the blessings of Lord Krishna. In front of the temple is the cenotaph (chhatri) of Meera Bai's Guru Shri Rai Das of Banaras, inside the cenotaph is carved a figure of five human bodies with one head, depicting that all castes are equal and even outcasts can attain God.

KUMBHA SHYAM TEMPLE:
Thetemple dedicated to Varah (Boar), the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It was built in 1448 AD. By Rana Kumbha Mahasati cenotaphs The cremation site of the Ranas and their wives, the sites are marked with Chhatris.

KALIKA MATA TEMPLE:
The temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali, the symbol of power and valour. Situated towards the southern side of the fort, it was built by Rana Hamir. Originally it was built as a Sun Temple by Bappa Rawal in the 8th century, but ws destroyed during the first sack of Chittaur. Rana Hamir converted it into a Kali temple on regaining the fort in the 14th century. The house of Chunda is situated near the temple. There are several other temples, within the ramparts of the fort like that of the temple of Annapurana, Jain Temples etc.

JAIMAL AND PATTA'S PALACE:
Theruins of this palace remind once of the story of the gallant Rathores Jaimal and Sisodia Patta the two great warriors, who layed down their lives for the honour of Chittaurgarh.
Govt. Museum, Chittourgarh Holiday Vacation
GOVERNMENT MUSEUM:
The magnificent Fateh Prakash Mahal has been converted into a museum, which houses a rare and rich collectino of sculptures from the fort and the temples. (Friday Closed)


GAUMUKH(COW'S MOUTH RESERVOIR):
Situated near the Mahasati Chowk, the water from a spring flows through a stone structure carved in the form of a cow's mouth into the reservoir.

MOHAR MAGRI (HILL OF GOLD COINS):
A small structure which was raised during the invasion of Chittaurgarh by Akbar in 1567, it gets the name Mohar Magri because it is believed that Emperor Akbar paid one mohar (gold coin) for each basketful of earth placed on the mound, as the work was very dangerous, brave soldiers guarding the the ramparts fromabvoe. The mound was raised to such a height that the Mughal cannons could be placed over it and fired inside the fort. The important places inside are, the temple of Tulja Bhawani (the tutelary goddess of the scribes), the Naulakha Bhandar or nine lakh treasury, Singar Chauri, depicting inscriptions dating back to 1448 AD. Sat -bis-Deori, the old Jain temple etc.


Excursion of Chittourgarh

NAGRI (20km)
One of the most important townships of the Mauryan era in Rajasthan, situated on the banks of river Bairach. It was formerly known as Madhyamika, which flourished from the Mauraya to gupta era. The excavation over here have unearthed many interesting facts and have showed signs of strong Hindu and Buddhist influence.

BAROLI (130 KM)
The ruins of the famous temples of Baroli, near Rawatbhata. This town is worth visiting, because of the group of ancient temples situated here.

BASSI VILLAGE (25KM)
The historical fort en route to Bundi, is the main attraction. It ahs beautiful temples and Kund (reservoir). The exquisite sculptures and woodcraft of Bassi are also very famous.

BASSI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
The wildlife sanctuary covers an area of 50 Sq. Km. Near the Bassi village. The key fauna of the sanctuary are panther, wild boar, antelopes and mongoose. Migratory birds also visit the sanctuary. For entry into the sanctuary, prior permission is to be obtained from the District Forest Officer, Chittaurgarh.
Fatehprakash Palace, Chittourgarh Holiday Package
SANWARIAJI TEMPLE (40 KM)
The temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna, situated on the Chittaurgarh - Udaipur highway. This is not a very old structure and is an important Hindu pilgrimage centre.

MATRI KUNDIYA TEMPLE (50km)
Also famous as the Haridwar of Mewar' the shrine is dedicated to Lord Shiva

BHAINSRORGARH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY (90 KM)
The sanctuary lies in the lush green environs of Bhainsrorgarh, invaluable archaeological remains can also be seen here.

BIJAIPUR (40km)
The 350-year-old castle built by Rao Shakti Singh, the youngest brother of Maharana Pratap, is the major attraction. It has now been converted into a hotel.

SITAMATA SANCTUARY

The sanctuary is spread over the Aravali and Vindhyachal ranges and is the only forest where teak trees of building value are found. The thickly vegetated sanctuary has about 50% teak trees besides salar, tendu, amla, bamboo and bel etc. Three rivers flow through the forest, Jakham and Karmoj are the major ones. A huge dam has been constructed over the Jakham river for irrigation , and wild animals in the sanctuary.

The key fauna of the sanctuary are leopard, hyena, jackal, fox jungle cat, porcupine, spotted deer,wild bear, four horned antelope and nilgai etc. The most important and conspicuous animal of the sanctuary is the flying squirrel, which can be observed gliding between the trees during night,this no curanla creature hides in the day light , the best time to watch the squirrel is in the months of February and March at Arampura Guest House, when most trees shed their leaves making it easier to sport the squirrel. The sanctuary is also associated with mythological events, it is believed that Sita wife of Lord Rama stayed here during the period of her exile in the ashram of Saint Valmiki.

Deogarh Palace, Chittourgarh Travel PackageDEOGARH (125 KM).
The16th century fort near Pratapgarh, is famous for the palaces, with their murals and Jain temples.

MENAL (90 KM)
This is also known as the 'mini Khajuraho' blessed with natures bounty. This scenic spot is situated on the Chittaur - Bundi road and is famous for the ancient temples, waterfalls and beautiful forests.

GOTMESHWAR (130 KM)
The place is famous for the ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva

JOGANIYA MATA (100 km)
This temple of Goddess Yogini is said to be 300 years old.


How to reach :

Air:
Nearest airport Dabok, Udaipur (90KM)
Indian Airlines - City Office, Delhi gate, Udaipur
Reservation timings: 10 AM to 1 PM and 2 PM to 5 PM

Rail:
Well connected by rail with direct trains from Delhi, Jaipur, Ajmer ,Ahmedabad, Jodhpur, Khandwa, Indore, Ratlam, Mandsore, Kota, Bundi Kachiguda etc.
Some important trains reaching Chittaurgarh are:
Chetak express (Delhi - Udaipur)
Meenakshi Express (Jaipur - Secunderabad)
Chittaur - Ahmedabad ( Fast Passenger)
For Reservation : Railway Reservatino Office, Platform No. 1
Timings :10AM to 5PM

Road:
The town is well connected by road also and the bus services for Udaipur, Adhmedabad, Mt. Abu, Sirohi,Jalor Jodhpur, Dungarpur, Banswara, Bundi, Kota, Rawatbhata, Ajmer, Jaipur, Pratapgarh, Ratlam, Indore, Tonk and Nathdwara etc. are available.
For reservation: Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporatino Bus Stand, Near Bridge Tel : 4177 Timings 10 AM to 5PM
Chittaurgarh is connected with many towns and cities of the country by road. Chittaurgarh is 297 km. From Mount Abu and 585 km. From Delhi.


Chittourgarh Travel Guide Reservation Form